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The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology held a "Broadband China" 2014 special action to mobilize the deployment of video teleconferences and made a clear plan for the construction of the broadband network in 2014. According to the 2014 deployment plan, the related goals have changed compared to last year, and the number of new FTTH-covered home users has been reduced by 5 million compared with last year, to only 30 million; at the same time, emphasis has been placed on the construction of TD-LTE base stations during the year. Completed 300,000 construction goals, while TD-LTE users reached 30 million. Prior to this, it has been emphasizing the development of 3G subscribers. In terms of broadband access rate, it has focused on promoting 8M and above broadband access products, and focused on conditionality. The area develops 50M and 100M broadband. The focus of this action plan is on the speed of the network and 4G.
Since the launch of the "Broadband China" strategy last year, it has been regarded as a strong driving force for the future development of the domestic optical communications industry. Upstream and downstream industries are closely following up on the follow-up policy of the "Broadband China" strategy, and the broadband speed proposed by the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology every year. The target plan will directly reflect the scale of the cable broadband market that year. Judging from the FTTH coverage target proposed by the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology this year, the number of wired broadband subscribers has decreased compared to last year, and the pace of the construction of cable broadband networks has been significantly slowed down.
FTTH is not the core driver
Since its launch last year, Broadband China’s strategy has been further expanded. It not only focuses on traditional wired broadband networks. The construction of mobile broadband networks has also been incorporated. Along with the issuance of 4G licenses, a new round of LTE The wave of network construction has hit in an all-round way, and operators’ enthusiasm for fixed-line investment has been significantly reduced. On the other hand, in the past two years, telecom operators have been promoting the construction of FTTH on a large scale. They have also achieved significant results in network coverage and user promotion, even exceeding the development goals planned by the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology. Taking China Telecom as an example, the number of new FTTH-covered households in 2013 exceeded 40 million, far exceeding the industry-wide new target set by the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology in 2013 of 35 million.
The advanced deployment of China Telecom has enabled FTTH coverage of China Telecom to be far ahead of other telecom operators. The competitive advantage in broadband networks is already very significant. In the current period of rapid development of LTE, the appropriate tilt of investment focus is more conducive to its improvement. The carrying capacity of mobile broadband networks improves competitiveness.
From the perspective of the entire industry, the market driving forces brought about by the adoption of fiber-to-the-home construction in the past few years have gradually weakened, and the development of related industries has also faced difficulties such as oversupply. As can be seen from the 2013 financial statements released recently by some cable manufacturers, the market demand for indoor soft optical cables has been blowout in the past few years. However, in 2013, the number of operators in the indoor soft optical fiber cable collection significantly reduced. The pressure on the revenue of the relevant cable manufacturers has come under great pressure.
Not only that, in order to save costs, China Telecom and China Unicom are all researching and upgrading the existing copper network to achieve the purpose of speeding up the network. Such measures have also further reduced the scale of the wired broadband market.
LTE deployment brings new opportunities
The decline in the traditional fixed-line market is an established fact. In the past two years, China Telecom has substantially reduced its investment in the fixed-line market to subsidize the construction of wireless broadband networks. This has created a greater impact on the domestic optical communications industry. In particular, the “best-sellers” that have had a tight market demand in the past have gradually been left unattended and accumulated in the Treasury. A high-level cable manufacturer pointed out that due to changes in the domestic market demand, the demand for the product category of the cable market has changed significantly. The demand for cables used in wireless communications has increased dramatically. Although the demand for cables in the fixed-line market has declined, the deployment of LTE has played a significant role in the cable market. The above experts pointed out that the overall fiber-optic cable Market demand continues to grow.
Timely adjustment of its own product structure to meet the needs of the domestic broadband market is the key to domestic cable manufacturers to seize this year's industrial development opportunities.
The deployment of LTE will also pull back the construction of backhaul networks. The deployment of PTN and IP RAN is expected to expand further. At the same time, LTE's demand for large bandwidth also promotes further upgrading of MANs and backbone networks, such as 100G. The deployment of high-speed trunk lines will also be further expanded. At present, China Mobile has already conducted 100G OTN in 2014, followed by China Telecom and China Unicom will further follow up. The large-scale application of Small Cell also provides PON as a backhaul bearer technology.
It is worth mentioning that the coordinated development of LTE and FTTH has become the consensus of all operators. Although the deployment of FTTH will be slowed down in the short term, this will still be a long-term strategy for operators, only a short-term development will be affected. Constraints.
China Mobile's Fixed-Network Investment Cannot Be Ignored
The broadband promotion plan proposed by the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology has a greater guiding role for various operators. China Telecom and China Unicom have experienced a relatively long period of investment in fixed-line broadband and have already had a clear leading edge. In comparison, they just took China Mobile, which is a fixed network license, still needs to increase its efforts. For the investment of China Mobile in the fixed-line network in 2014, many interviewed experts also expressed their optimism.
In the past two years, China Mobile has collected a large amount of fiber optic cables, repeatedly surpassing the combined total of China Unicom and China Telecom, and the large-scale mass production is far from being digested by its wireless network. China Telecom Technology Commissioner Wei Leping believes that China Mobile is still deploying the deployment of cable broadband networks, and a large number of optical fiber and cable will be used in the access network. It will pave the way for its subsequent development of fixed-line broadband services.
In 2013, China Mobile was still the main supplier of fiber optic cable in China, and it was a powerful force for the domestic optical communications industry. Currently, China Mobile has integrated its broadband resources and fully promoted its broadband services. Less than the other two operators, with the increase in the number of its users, China Mobile's fixed-line broadband services will be further enriched, forming a strong impact on China Unicom and China Telecom’s two-way broadband landscape.